Recent Articles on Pancreatobiliary #Pathology – 2020-07-09

These are the recent articles on Pancreatobiliary Pathology:

To see all journal watch articles please visit: http://pbpath.org/journal-watch-upcoming-issue/

New Pancreas Articles


  • Efficacy and limitations of the histological diagnosis of type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis with endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy with large tissue amounts

Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) … [et al.] 2020 Jun;():

PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=32624418

OBJECTIVES: We examined the efficacy and limitations of acquiring large specimens by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) for diagnosing type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP).
METHODS: Patients from 12 institutions with non-neoplastic diseases or pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with large EUS-FNB specimens were investigated. Slides stained with hematoxylin-eosin, elastic, IgG4, and IgG stains were evaluated. The IgG4- and IgG-positive cell numbers were counted in three foci. The diagnoses were based on the Japan Pancreas Society 2011 (JPS 2011) criteria and the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria (ICDC).
RESULTS: We analyzed 85 non-neoplastic (definite type 1 AIP in 73/85 based on the ICDC) cases and 64 PDAC cases. IgG4-positive cells were numerous (>10 in 85.9%), and the IgG4/IgG ratios were high (>40% in 81.2%). Plasma cell crushing by an artifact caused unsuccessful immunostaining, notably in smaller samples. Tissue lengths were an important factor for the presence of storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis, but storiform fibrosis was equivocal even in large tissues. A definite or possible histological diagnosis was achieved in 45.9% (39/85) and 41.2% (35/85), respectively, and contributed to the definite final diagnosis of type 1 AIP in 33.3% (ICDC) and 55.6% (JPS 2011) in cases with segmental/focal lesions. In the PDAC group, >10 IgG4-positive cells was rare (2/58), but elastic stains revealed fibrous venous occlusions in 10.3% (6/58).
CONCLUSIONS: EUS-FNB with large tissue amounts was useful for diagnosing type 1 AIP, notably by facilitating successful IgG4 immunostaining, but definite diagnosis may not be achieved even in cases with large specimens.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2020.05.026



  • Importance of each high-risk stigmata and worrisome features as a predictor of high-grade dysplasia in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas

Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) … [et al.] 2020 Jun;():

PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=32624417

BACKGROUND: High-risk stigmata (HRS) and 'worrisome features' (WFs) are defined as predictive factors for malignancies of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). We performed this study to determine the importance and odds ratio (OR) of each HRS and WFs as predictors for high-grade dysplasia (HGD).
METHODS: We analyzed 295 patients who underwent pancreatectomy for branch duct and mixed-type IPMN, and evaluated the association between HRS and WFs (as defined by the '2017 Fukuoka Consensus Guidelines') and HGD.
RESULTS: The proportions of patients with low-grade dysplasia (LGD), HGD, and invasive carcinoma were 47%, 28%, and 25%, respectively. Multivariate analysis comparing patients with LGD and HGD using all HRS and WFs revealed that an enhancing mural nodule ≥5 mm (OR: 4.1), pancreatitis (OR: 2.2), and thickened/enhancing cyst walls (OR: 2.2) were independent predictive factors for HGD. Based on the OR (the former factor is two points and the latter two factors are each one point), the incidence of HGD in patients with none (n = 43), one (n = 82), two (n = 25), three (n = 52), and four (n = 19) of these predictive factors were 9%, 26%, 52%, 62%, and 63%, respectively. Assuming a score of one or higher as a surgical indication, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predict value, and negative predict value of HGD were 95, 38, 44, and 91%.
CONCLUSIONS: Our derived scoring system using more important factors in HRS and WFs may be useful for predicting HGD and determining surgical indications of IPMN.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2020.06.011


New GallBladder Articles

Today there is no new Gallbladder Article.

New BileDuct Articles

Today there is no new Bile Duct Article.

New Ampulla Articles

Today there is no new Ampulla Article.

To see all journal watch articles please visit: http://pbpath.org/journal-watch-upcoming-issue/