Recent Articles on Pancreatobiliary Pathology – 2020-07-06

These are the recent articles on Pancreatobiliary Pathology:

To see all journal watch articles please visit: http://pbpath.org/journal-watch-upcoming-issue/

New Pancreas Articles


  • Operative pancreatic debridement: Contemporary outcomes in changing times

Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) … [et al.] 2020 Jun;():

PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=32622760

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Operative pancreatic debridement (OPD) is the historic gold standard for treating necrotizing pancreatitis (NP). Recent success with minimally invasive NP treatment approaches have raised the question of which NP patients require OPD. We therefore sought to define contemporary outcomes of NP patients undergoing OPD.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 116 consecutive NP patients undergoing OPD using a prospectively maintained institutional NP database between 2006 and 2018.
RESULTS: 86 (74%) patients underwent open pancreatic debridement (OD) and 30 (26%) underwent open transgastric debridement (TGD). Median follow-up was 16 months (interquartile range [IQR], 8-45 months). Median age was 51 years (IQR, 43-65 years); 73 (63%) were male. Pancreatitis etiology included biliary (53%), alcohol (22%), and idiopathic/other (25%). Median time from diagnosis to OPD was 64.5 days (IQR, 32-114.5 days). Mean APACHE-II score was: admission 8.5 (standard deviation [SD], 5.9); worst 12.6 (SD, 7.9); preoperatively 7.2 (SD, 4.6). 40 patients (34%) were initially managed with minimally invasive techniques (percutaneous drain only in 24, endoscopic only in 6, combination in 10). Median postoperative length of stay was 11 days (IQR, 7-19 days). 90-day morbidity and mortality were 70% and 2%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: NP patients who require OPD are critically and chronically ill. OPD is associated with substantial morbidity, but acceptable mortality in an experienced center with multidisciplinary support. This large contemporary series demonstrates that in properly selected patients, OPD remains an important treatment for NP.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2020.05.024



  • Liver metastases from pituitary carcinomas mimicking visceral well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors: a series of four cases

Diagnostic pathology 2020 Jul;15(1):81

PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=32622369

BACKGROUND: Pathologists frequently encounter neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) presenting as multiple liver masses in routine practice. Most often, these are well-differentiated tumors with characteristic histologic features. In contrast, pituitary carcinoma is very rare, and there is limited data on its natural history and pathologic characterization.
METHODS: The aim of this study was to describe clinical characteristics, histomorphology, immunophenotype and follow-up of pituitary carcinoma involving the liver and mimicking well-differentiated NETs of visceral origin. We selected a group of well-differentiated NETs of the pancreas to use as immunophenotypic controls. We identified 4 patients (age range, 51 to 73) with pituitary corticotroph carcinoma with liver metastases. Three patients presented with Cushing syndrome.
RESULTS: All cases histologically resembled well-differentiated NETs of visceral origin with Ki-67 proliferation indices of 5-42% and expression of T-PIT; metastatic tumors were not immunoreactive with CDX2, Islet 1 or TTF-1.
CONCLUSIONS: Frequently, these cases display adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion and pituitary-specific transcription factor immunohistochemistry may be used as a reliable marker to distinguish metastatic pituitary carcinoma from NETs of visceral origin in addition to delineating a corticotroph carcinoma from somatotroph, lactotroph, thyrotroph, and gonadotroph lineage. Although rare, the differential diagnosis of pituitary carcinoma should be considered in metastatic well-differentiated NETs in which the site of origin is uncertain. In summary, pituitary corticotroph carcinoma can metastasize to the liver and mimic well-differentiated NET.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13000-020-00997-x



  • MiR-487a-3p suppresses the malignant development of pancreatic cancer by targeting SMAD7

Experimental and molecular pathology 2020 Jul;():104489

PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=32622014

OBJECTIVE: To uncover the role of microRNA-487a-3p (miR-487a-3p) in influencing the malignant development of pancreatic cancer and the involvement of its downstream target SMAD7.
METHODS: MiR-487a-3p level in 40 pancreatic cancer and paracancerous tissues was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between miR-487a-3p level and clinical indicators in pancreatic cancer patients was analyzed. Regulatory effects of miR-487a-3p on biological phenotypes of pancreatic cancer cells were assessed. At last, the involvement of miR-487a-3p and its downstream target SMAD7 in pancreatic cancer was determined.
RESULTS: MiR-487a-3p was lowly expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues. Pancreatic cancer patients expressing a low level of miR-487a-3p suffered high metastasis rate and poor prognosis. Overexpression of miR-487a-3p markedly attenuated proliferative and migratory capacities in pancreatic cancer cells. SMAD7 was the downstream target of miR-487a-3p, which was highly expressed in pancreatic cancer samples. Overexpression of SMAD7 reversed the regulatory effects of miR-487a-3p on pancreatic cancer cell phenotypes.
CONCLUSIONS: MiR-487a-3p is downregulated in pancreatic cancer samples, which is linked to metastasis and prognosis in pancreatic cancer. It inhibits the malignant development of pancreatic cancer by negatively regulating SMAD7.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yexmp.2020.104489



  • Comparing diabetes due to diseases of the exocrine pancreas to type 1 and type 2 diabetes using propensity score matching

Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) … [et al.] 2020 Jun;():

PubMed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=32620406

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of diabetes due to diseases of the exocrine pancreas (DEP) using data of the multicentre diabetes patient follow-up registry. Moreover, we aimed at comparing individuals with diabetes due to DEP to individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
METHODS: Individuals with DEP, type 1 or type 2 diabetes ≥18 years of age were studied. We aggregated the most recent treatment year per patient and used propensity scores to match diabetes due to DEP to type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Matching was conducted one-to-one with sex, age, diabetes duration, migration background and the German index of socioeconomic deprivation as covariates.
RESULTS: We identified 7,093 (1.6%) individuals with diabetes due to DEP. In the matched cohort DEP-type 1 diabetes we observed a similar daily insulin dose (0.62 IU/kg (95% confidence interval:0.60-0.63), 0.60 IU/kg (0.58-0.62)) and significant differences regarding microvascular (41.0% (39.7-42.2), 45.3% (44.0-46.6)), and macrovascular disease (16.6% (15.7-17.6), 14.7% (13.8-15.6)). HbA1c (8.2% (8.1-8.3), 7.9% (7.8-8.0)), daily insulin dose (0.60 IU/kg (0.58-0.62), 0.56 IU/kg (0.54-0.58)) and event rates of severe hypoglycemia (23.9 events/100 PY (21.4-26.8), (9.5 events/100 PY (8.0-11.2)) were significantly higher in individuals with diabetes due to DEP compared to type 2 diabetes.
CONCLUSIONS: Using registry data, rare diabetes types such as diabetes due to DEP can be studied with a significant sample size. Our study identified differences and similarities between adult individuals with DEP related diabetes and type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2020.05.023


New GallBladder Articles

Today there is no new Gallbladder Article.

New BileDuct Articles

Today there is no new Bile Duct Article.

New Ampulla Articles

Today there is no new Ampulla Article.

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